Dynamic Dependent Select Box using Jquery and Ajax

Dynamic Dependent Select Box using Jquery and Ajax

How to do dynamic dependent select box using Jquery, Ajax, PHP and Mysql. Dependent select box when a selection is made in a “Parent” box it allow to refresh a “child” box list data. In this post I had given a database relationship example betweent “catergory” and “subcategory”. It’s very simple jquery code hope you like this.

Dynamic Dependent Select Box using Jquery and Ajax

Database
Sample database tables. Data table contains list boxes complete place, place_data  table foreign key relationship with Data table contains parent and child relation.

--
-- Table structure for table `place`
--

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `place` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `place_name` varchar(60) NOT NULL,
  `weight` int(2) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) 

--
-- Table structure for table `place_data`
--

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `place_data` (
  `pid` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `cid` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `parent` int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`pid`),
  UNIQUE KEY `cid` (`cid`),
  KEY `FK_Parent` (`parent`)
)

Dumping data for table ‘place’

INSERT INTO `place` (`id`, `place_name`, `weight`) VALUES
(1, 'India', 1),
(2, 'Zimbabwe', 1),
(3, 'Sri Lanka', 1),
(4, 'United states', 1),
(5, 'United Kingdom', 1),
(6, 'Delhi', 0),
(7, 'Mumbai', 0),
(8, 'Kochi', 0),
(9, 'Kolkata', 0),
(10, 'Harare', 0),
(11, 'Bulawayo', 0),
(12, 'Chitungwiza', 0),
(13, 'Galkissa', 0),
(14, 'Moratuwa', 0),
(15, 'Jaffna', 0),
(16, 'Negombo', 0),
(17, 'New York', 0),
(18, 'Los Angeles', 0),
(19, 'Phoenix', 0),
(20, 'San Diego', 0),
(21, 'Bristol', 0),
(22, 'Newcastle', 0),
(23, 'Sunderland', 0),
(24, 'Wolverhampton', 0);

Dumping data for table ‘place_data’

INSERT INTO `place_data` (`pid`, `cid`, `parent`) VALUES
(1, 1, 0),
(2, 2, 0),
(3, 3, 0),
(4, 4, 0),
(5, 5, 0),
(6, 6, 1),
(7, 7, 1),
(8, 8, 1),
(9, 9, 1),
(10, 10, 2),
(11, 11, 2),
(12, 12, 2),
(13, 13, 3),
(14, 14, 3),
(15, 15, 3),
(16, 16, 3),
(17, 17, 4),
(18, 18, 4),
(19, 19, 4),
(20, 20, 4),
(21, 21, 5),
(22, 22, 5),
(23, 23, 5),
(24, 24, 5);

sections_demo.php
Contains javascipt and PHP code. $(“.country”).change(function(){}country is the class name of select box. Using $(this).val() calling select box value. PHP code displaying results from data table where weight=’1′

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1" />
<title>Sections Demo</title>
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.4.2/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
$(document).ready(function()
{
$(".country").change(function()
{
var id=$(this).val();
var dataString = 'id='+ id;

$.ajax
({
type: "POST",
url: "ajax_city.php",
data: dataString,
cache: false,
success: function(html)
{
$(".city").html(html);
} 
});

});
});
</script>
<style>
label {
  font-weight:bold;
  padding:10px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div style="margin:80px">
  <label>Country :</label>
  <select name="country" class="country">
    <option selected="selected">--Select Country--</option>
    <?php
include('db.php');
$sql=mysql_query("select id,place_name,weight from place where weight='1'");
while($row=mysql_fetch_array($sql))
{
  $id=$row['id'];
  $data=$row['place_name'];
  echo '<option value="'.$id.'">'.$data.'</option>';
 } ?>
  </select>
  <br/>
  <br/>
  <label>City :</label>
  <select name="city" class="city">
    <option selected="selected">--Select City--</option>
  </select>
</div>
</body>
</html>

ajax_city.php
Contains PHP code. Displaying results from data and place_data tables

<?php
include('db.php');
if($_POST['id'])
{
  $id=$_POST['id'];
  $sql=mysql_query("select b.id,b.place_name from place_data a,place b where b.id=a.cid and parent='$id'");
  while($row=mysql_fetch_array($sql))
  {
    $id=$row['id'];
    $data=$row['place_name'];
    echo '<option value="'.$id.'">'.$data.'</option>';
  }
}

?>

db.php

Contains PHP code.

<?php
$mysql_hostname = "localhost";
$mysql_user = "root";
$mysql_password = "";
$mysql_database = "demo";   // database name
$bd = mysql_connect($mysql_hostname, $mysql_user, $mysql_password) 
or die("Opps some thing went wrong");
mysql_select_db($mysql_database, $bd) or die("Opps some thing went wrong");

?>

 

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By Rodney

I’m Rodney D Clary, a web developer. If you want to start a project and do a quick launch,I am available for freelance work.

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